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Output ripple voltage for buck switching regulator

Posted: 06 Oct 2014     Print Version  Bookmark and Share

Keywords:Switched-mode power supplies  SMPSs  WEBENCH  root-mean square  RMS 

Switched-mode power supplies (SMPSs) are used to regulate voltage to a certain level. SMPSs have an inherent switching action, which causes the currents and voltages in the circuit to switch and fluctuate. The output voltage also has ripple on top of the regulated steady-state DC value. Designers of power systems consider the output voltage ripple to be both a key parameter for design considerations and a key figure of merit. The online WEBENCH Power Designer recognises the key importance of peak-to-peak voltage output ripple voltage—the ripple voltage is calculated and reported in the visualizer. This application report presents a closed-form analytical formulation for the output voltage ripple waveform and the peak-to-peak ripple voltage. This formulation is accurate over all regions of operation and harmonizes the peak-to-peak ripple voltage calculation over all regions of operation. The new analytical formulation presented in this application report gives an accurate evaluation of the output ripple as compared to the simplified linear or root-mean square (RMS) approximations often used. Switched-mode power supplies (SMPSs) are used to regulate voltage to a certain level. SMPSs have an inherent switching action, which causes the currents and voltages in the circuit to switch and fluctuate. The output voltage also has ripple on top of the regulated steady-state DC value. Designers of power systems consider the output voltage ripple to be both a key parameter for design considerations and a key figure of merit. The online WEBENCH Power Designer recognises the key importance of peak-to-peak voltage output ripple voltage—the ripple voltage is calculated and reported in the visualizer. This application report presents a closed-form analytical formulation for the output voltage ripple waveform and the peak-to-peak ripple voltage. This formulation is accurate over all regions of operation and harmonizes the peak-to-peak ripple voltage calculation over all regions of operation. The new analytical formulation presented in this application report gives an accurate evaluation of the output ripple as compared to the simplified linear or root-mean square (RMS) approximations often used.

View the PDF document for more information.

Originally published by Texas Instruments Inc. at www.ti.com as "Output Ripple Voltage for Buck Switching Regulator".





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