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Vishay outs AEC-Q101-qualified proximity, ambient light sensor

Posted: 19 Jun 2014     Print Version  Bookmark and Share

Keywords:Vishay Intertechnology  proximity  ambient light sensor  IR emitter 

Vishay Intertechnology Inc. has introduced an AEC-Q101-qualified, fully integrated proximity and ambient light optical sensor with an industry-high operating temperature range to 105°C. According to the company, the VCNL4020X01 combines an IR emitter, a photo-pin-diode for proximity, an ambient light detector, a signal processing IC and a 16bit ADC in a 4.8 x 2.3 x 0.8mm rectangular lead-less (LLP) package.

The three-in-one sensor features an interrupt function, supports I2C bus communication interface and eases window and sensor placement in various automotive, consumer and industrial applications.

For automotive dashboard displays and mobile devices such as smartphones, tablets, PDAs and GPS units, the VCNL4020X01 saves power as a proximity sensor by turning off the display backlight until a user is detected while using its integrated ambient light function for display/keypad adaptive brightness control and rearview mirror dimming. Containing all the circuitry needed for these applications in one device, the VCNL4020X01 cuts the need for additional light barriers and optical alignment of the IR emitter and photo diode.

While other devices use chip-on-PCB technology that results in package heights of 1.2mm or greater, the VCNL4020X01 uses a proprietary technology that delivers the lowest height on the market, stated Vishay. This gives design engineers greater flexibility in where and how they locate the sensor. For additional flexibility, the VCNL4020X01 can function at any depth or air gap below the glass window, unlike devices with 8, 10 and 12bit resolutions that require depths or air gaps of 1.5mm or less. Lower-resolution devices must also be placed away from other components on a costly and dedicated flexible circuit. The 16bit resolution of the VCNL4020X01 allows it to be assembled on the main PCB near other components, ensures excellent cross-talk immunity, and is especially important given that windows above the sensor typically absorb 90 per cent of the infrared emission.

The VCNL4020X01's interrupt function enables the sensor to work independently until a predefined proximity or ambient light event occurs, and then it wakes up the MCU. This helps customers reduce their software effort and lower their power consumption by eliminating polling communication traffic between the sensor and MCU.


While other products only achieve object detection up to 100mm, the VCNL4020X01 provides a programmable LED drive current from 10-200mA in 10mA steps, allowing distances up to 200mm. To increase the range of the proximity sensor, the VCNL4020X01 also includes an integrated external emitter driver. The device boasts excellent ambient light suppression by modulating the infrared signal. The emitter wavelength peaks at 890nm and has no visible "red-tail," unlike many devices from other manufacturers, added the company.

The ambient light photo-pin-diode built into the VCNL4020X01 offers sensitivity close to that of the human eye, with a 16bit dynamic range for ambient light detection from 0.25 lux to 16 klux. The sensor offers 100Hz and 120Hz flicker noise rejection.

Featuring low standby current consumption of 1.5uA, the device offers a supply voltage range of 2.5-3.6V and I2C bus voltage range from 1.7-5V. The RoHS-compliant, halogen-free sensor provides a Moisture Sensitivity Level (MSL) of 3 for 168 hours of shelf life, and it is compatible with Pb-free soldering.

Samples and production quantities of the VCNL4020X01 are available with lead times of six to eight weeks for large orders.

Link to product datasheet: (VCNL4020X01)

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