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India's engineering employability gap: Industry outlines issues

Posted: 26 May 2010     Print Version  Bookmark and Share

Keywords:employability  engineering education  colleges  training 

T.V. Prasad

T.V. Prasad, HR Director, Cypress Semiconductor Technology India Pvt. Ltd

Prasad: On one hand, we have several colleges from where numerous students are graduating and on the other hand, industry in India is evolving on the maturity scale and consequently the demand is more for experienced people. "Employability" is clearly a key factor to get a unified view of the situation. There is definitely a demand-supply gap of employable electronics engineers to match the evolving expectations from the industry.

India's engineering education compares well with that of developed countries on many fronts and this applies to tier-1 and significant portion of tier-2 colleges. However some tier-2 and tier-3 colleges have a system that churns out graduates who are not application oriented and learn concepts by rote. Engineering education is a professional stream that requires a student to learn and hone the skills of applying knowledge to solve problems and this requires an analytical approach while thinking on one's feet.

Kishore Rao

Kishore Rao, Managing Director, MathWorks India Pvt. Ltd

Rao: India has a very strong education market. Given its double digit growth rates every year, demand is driven by the industry.

Focus on education sector
From a worldwide perspective, the education sector is critical for Mathworks. There is a lot of focus from Corporate on education and there's but natural focus on India as it churns out a large number of engineering graduates. The demand for well trained engineers in design, services, and manufacturing companies' is very high. Roughly 25 per cent of our India business comes from the education sector. There are over 2,000 colleges in India and out of that 1,000 educational institutes are using our software.

Shivananda Koteshwar

Shivananda Koteshwar, Senior Manager, Synopsys (India) EDA Software Pvt. Ltd

Koteshwar: It [the supply-demand gap for employable electronics engineers] is not fully true. It all depends on the companies' immediate and future requirements. If you are building a future pipeline and are ready to invest time in training and development, India has all the potential candidates. But if you are trying to fill in or replace an existing job profile from other regions, then the gap is visible in a few specialised areas, with EDA definitely being one of them.

Higher education in India has seen massive growth in recent years. On one hand, this growth promises to produce more skilled individuals to fulfil needs of ever growing Indian economy and on the other hand it poses a huge challenge for the governing bodies like the UGC, AICTE and others to maintain or improve the quality of education.

India's engineering education is at par or better than those of the developed countries when a small subset of colleges is considered. But when you put all the colleges/universities together, there is a sharp decline in quality. This is mainly because of mushrooming of new colleges who are trying to subvert the norms and requirements put by the central regulating bodies. At an operational level, long funding cycle and long approval cycles are the main reasons for this drop in quality. At the strategic level, the problems and challenges are deteriorating quality of education, outdated curriculum and unemployed students.

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