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Designing next-generation electronics

Posted: 25 Jan 2011     Print Version  Bookmark and Share

Keywords:electronics design  embedded software  challenges 

Electrical and Electronics Engineers in India have completed a remarkable transformation in the first decade of the new century. In the mid to late 1990s, engineering outposts of multinational companies in India concentrated primarily on quality assurance and sustaining of original designs done elsewhere.

In contrast, during 2000-2010, the primary focus of domestic and multinational subsidiaries in India has been innovation, leading to new, original, and state-of-the-art designs and products.

This innovation in electronics design in India is fuelling many exciting new devices and applications in a variety of allied industries, including specialised IC, SoC, and embedded software designs for set-top boxes, high-definition TV and DVD, wireless communications, multimedia, commercial and medical imaging, and automotive applications. In particular, there are three megatrends that are major opportunities in India:

Arun Mulpur

Mulpur: Engineers face some key challenges, in particular: productivity, reliability, reusability.

Wireless Everywhere
People using a desktop computer to access email and the internet are no longer the mainstream, particularly in the consumer/personal space. Today, customers expect to access email and the internet over a smart phone, download and read books over a wireless-enabled e-reader, and board their next flight using a boarding pass on their mobile device.

With 3G technologies becoming mainstream and 4G LTE beginning major deployment, our dependence on and use of wireless network access is going to increase further. Companies developing these mobile devices are constantly updating their product capabilities to keep up with consumer demand and competitive pressures, with the product life cycle of a new product now measured in months rather than years.

Media and Data Convergence
Traditionally, data-centric devices such as PCs and PDAs were quite different and distinct from media-centric devices such as TVs and portable media players. However, these device families are no longer clearly differentiated, as customers are demanding products and applications that can handle both interchangeably.

The next generation of electronic designs must be capable of handling this customer requirement. Further, high-definition (HD) content is now available through a variety of sources including broadband, terrestrial, cable, and satellite, which puts additional pressure on the designs in the form of expected performance, battery life, and features.

Quality of Life
Next-generation electronics design is driving growth and innovation in healthcare, automotive, and other important industries, and improving the overall quality of life of customers. For example, traditionally, a patient would go to a doctor to have a health check-up. Wearable electronics are now constantly monitoring patients and providing instant information to doctors through wireless networks, improving the quality of life of the patients and the efficiency and effectiveness of care providers, while reducing the overall cost of healthcare.


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